In the last century, common barley was used to feed domesticated animals (especially dairy cattle). There is a growing interest in the use of dense, nutrient-rich feeds recently with increasing animal production. Due to its high energy and low fiber content, corn has been one of the most commonly used foods for years. However, climate factors have limited corn production in Canada. But corn is relatively expensive and low in protein, so it only has some of the essential amino acids needed in animal nutrition and is poor in some amino acids.
Shell-less barley (Hullessbarley) is an acceptable alternative that has the ability to adapt to favorable environmental conditions and has a shorter growing season. It also has more energy than the ordinary atmosphere.
Its protein and lysine levels are higher than wheat and maize, reducing consumption of 2-11 kg of soybean meal per ton. The ration also contains more economical rations than ordinary barley, which makes up about 2 to 3 percent of the total weight of the barley, so that the only difference is whether or not to achieve the highest yield.
In an unshelled atmosphere, they break apart after being crushed by two halves of the shell for lack of bonding. Barley-less barley-like barley does not need to be removed on the kernel and is less harmful than oats.Due to the reduction in shell free shell, there are good market effects on the physical and chemical properties of this grain, which reduces fiber content. The amount of fiber in the barley-less barley can be lower than that found in the red spring wheat crust.So that lowering fiber increases the level of true metabolizable energy in poultry and digestible energy in pigs by using shelled barley, because the presence of fiber makes less energy available to livestock.The presence of crust in the atmosphere causes the nutrients in the grain to dilute (decrease), which increases the nutrient density and reaches a level close to the wheat. The level of lysine (essential amino acid) in this cereal is higher than that of ordinary wheat and barley.
Cereals are usually dry and have a moisture content of 12% or less. Maintaining a barley-less barley than other grains will cause the spoilage and damage to be 15% greater. Also the yield of barley-less barley production is 5%-15% lower than other barley varieties.
Use of Shelled Barley In Poultry Nutrition
The use of this grain in broiler chickens has excellent results if enzymatic additives are used. The use of beta-glucanase enzymes in the broiler diet is essential for the performance of broiler chickens and to maintain litter quality. Crusty barley also requires enzymes, but their beta-glucan levels are generally lower. Adding enzymes to diets containing ordinary barley makes it lighter.
Shell-less barley in broiler chickens
Barley-less barley is one of the economically viable alternatives or alternatives to corn-soybean meal or wheat-barley-barley-based soybean meal in pig or poultry nutrition. A farm can also be used because its energy and protein content is much higher than that of ordinary barley and can be a good alternative to a variety of foods in high energy diets.
Shell-less barley use is similar in texture to pellet-like wheat, but has a firmer texture than corn. Also, a pellet made of non-husked barley does not easily become a crumbled cubed crab.
Barley-less barley is very suitable for flour rations on farms that are expensive and increase the need for protein supplements in the diet. In general, barley-free barley can be used in poultry diets as high as 95%.
It can also be used up to 95% of the diet, which improves and reduces the cost of feed. B- Glucans also do not cause problems in the nutrition of foods.Also, enzymatic additives, such as poultry diets, are not necessary in pig diets. Volume of fertilizer produced by this type of barley decreased by 50%. With the increase in age in the unshelled barley, the effects of glucan are eliminated, although this is not a worrying factor for laying hens.
Although some studies have shown that the use of the enzyme in combination with barley-less barley has favorable effects, these effects are negligible. So that the more enzymes have a stimulating role.
Overview and Future:
It is not difficult to produce barley-less barley compared to wheat and barley so that its yield is better than wheat under optimal conditions. It also has the ability to grow in saline soils compared to wheat and is matured 3–5 days faster than wheat, which is itself a criterion in crop rotation to produce more crop.
In addition to laying hens and broilers, other types of poultry, such as turkeys and substitutes for poultry, can use this grain. Its only limitation is the presence of -b glucan, which is problematic for young poultry, so the addition of inexpensive enzymes makes the use of barley uncoated and makes optimal use of it.
The need to cultivate and consume this product is now being discussed in most circles in Canada, though it is emphasized as being outdated. Archaeological findings indicate that the barley-less atmosphere may have been present in early human life.Its special potential has made it a food source for early human nutrition. Recent research has shown that this product can also be used for human consumption of wheat and other grains, without affecting human health, as well as reducing food production costs and lowering cholesterol.
It can be used to produce other barley flours and to make valuable foods. The speed of using barley-less barley as a corn meal in feeding pigs and poultry is remarkable.Breeding strains also tend to increase cultivation of this product with varieties containing higher lysine (essential and trace amino acids in cereals). Also, these varieties have lower glucose-b and their starches are more digestible.The range of compatibility of this product will increase as a result of breeding and the potential for production will be increased in return for the average input. If the barley-less barley as a feedstock finds its place and its production and consumption is much better than that of the wheat, its new varieties will be more digestible and more economical to consume.In many countries, in the pig farming industry, fertilizer is a serious problem, so that barley-less barley helps to reduce it and eliminate and bury fertilizer, and it is a new, green way.